Built to be the largest passenger vessel in the world and the most luxurious, the Titanic was a marvel of modern engineering. The vessel was fitted with five watertight rooms below the deck designed to keep the Titanic afloat even after collision. Many individuals boarded the Titanic before its maiden voyage with the utmost confidence that they had nothing to worry about.
During the maiden voyage, the British RMS Titanic hit an iceberg in off the coast of Newfoundland in the North Atlantic Ocean. The impact happened around 12pm on April 14, 1912 and ships began receiving distress signals at about 12:15pm that same night. Among the ships that received the distress signals were the Titanic sister ship the Olympic and the Carpathia. The Carpathia was the closest ship to the sinking Titanic, but it was still 4 hours away. It took the Titanic over two hours to fully sink into the ocean and the final part of the ship went under at 2:20am on the morning of April 15, 1912. The Carpathia vessel ended up arriving two hours after the Titanic had already sunk.
Many of those who died during the Titanic disaster were victims of hypothermia as a result of being in the cold waters of the Atlantic for too long. Many people also died after being recovered due to hypothermia. Of the 2, 223 people on the Titanic, 1,517 lost their lives. Many of the casualties were of third class customers who had a longer way to travel in order to get to the deck and the lifeboats. There was also a strict women and children first policy that meant most of those who died when the Titanic sank were men.